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ECHINACEA purpurea

Image of Echinacea purpurea

Gerald L. Klingaman

Family

Asteraceae

Botanical Name

ECHINACEA purpurea

Plant Common Name

Eastern Purple Coneflower, Purple Coneflower

General Description

Who doesn't love this colorful, easy-to-grow garden perennial? Purple coneflower is a hardy herbaceous wildflower native to the eastern United States. In early to late summer, it bears tall, sturdy stems topped with single large, red-purple, pink or white daisies with prominent conical centers of brown, orange or green. Bloom time may be extended if spent flowers are removed, or deadheaded. There are many desirable purple coneflower cultivars such as the dwarf ‘Kim’s Knee High’ and double-flowered ‘Doubledecker.’

This dependable garden staple self-sows freely but not too aggressively. The seedlings can be highly variable, and those of most cultivars will not grow true to seed. Purple coneflower is happiest when planted in sites with full sun and well-drained moderately fertile garden soil.

Purple coneflower is a carefree native that's excellent for perennial gardens, mixed borders or wildflower plantings. The blooms make great cutflowers. In addition, they attract butterflies, and the dry seed-filled cones draw seed-eating birds. Even better, purple coneflower is quite disease resistant and deer do not favor it.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    3'-5' / 0.9m - 1.5m

  • Width

    18"-24" / 45.7cm - 61.0cm

  • Bloom Time

    Early Summer, Summer, Late Summer, Early Fall

  • Native To

    Northeastern United States, Mid-Atlantic United States, Southeastern United States, North-Central United States, Central United States, South-Central United States, Canada

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Red, Purple, Pink, Lavender

  • Fruit Color

    Orange, Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Dark Green, Brown

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Cutflower, Mixed Border, Wildflower

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds, Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes