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ELAEAGNUS angustifolia 'Red King'

Image of Elaeagnus angustifolia 'Red King'

Jesse Saylor

Family

Elaeagnaceae

Botanical Name

ELAEAGNUS angustifolia 'Red King'

Plant Common Name

Red King Russion Olive, Russion Olive

General Description

Russian olive is a large, deciduous shrub or small tree. It is native to southern Europe, central Asia and parts of China. The narrow, lance-shaped leaves are green above and silvery, gray-green below. Its brown, scaly, often thorny branches are covered with exfoliating bark that adds winter interest. The cultivar ‘Red King’ has silvery white, strongly fragrant flowers with yellow centers occur in late spring or early summer and are followed by edible, red-rust, olive-like fruit.

Russian olive is very tolerant of most growing conditions from dry to moist and sunny to shady. It is salt and drought tolerant. Russian olive is grown primarily for its foliage and fragrant flowers but also for barriers, screens or hedges and can be pruned as a specimen plant.

Russian olive has escaped cultivation in some areas and is considered an invasive species in the western United States. For more information about the invasiveness of Russian olive see http://ucce.ucdavis.edu/datastore/detailreport.cfm?usernumber=46&surveynumber=182 .

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    2 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 18, 19

  • Plant Type

    Shrub

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade, Full Shade

  • Height

    12'-20' / 3.7m - 6.1m

  • Width

    12'-20' / 3.7m - 6.1m

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring, Early Summer

  • Native To

    Southern Europe, Central Asia, China

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Pollution, Salt, Soil Compaction

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Yellow Green, Silver

  • Fruit Color

    Red, Sienna

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Gray Green, Silver

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Gray Green, Silver

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Gray Green, Silver

  • Bark Color

    Brown, Silver

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    Yes

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    Yes

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Exfoliating

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Hedges, Mixed Border, Screening / Wind Break, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    Yes

  • Invasive

    Yes

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes