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ENCYCLIA hanburyi

Image of Encyclia hanburyi

Michael Charters, www.calflora.net

Family

Orchidaceae

Botanical Name

ENCYCLIA hanburyi

Plant Common Name

Encyclia, Orchid

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

Whether grown in the ground or upon a tree branch or rock wall, Hanbury's encyclia orchid is no less than extravagant from late winter into early summer with a tall flower spike of many rosy tan to mauve blossoms. A terrestrial (ground-growing) tender orchid from the highlands of Mexico and Guatemala, it can be found in clumps in the dappled shade of pine woodlands there. It also can grow as an epiphytic (growing upon another plant such as a tree) or wedged between rocks on a cliff.

This clumping orchid has a tight mass of pseudobulbs that are cone-shaped. From each arise one or two deep gree sword-like leaves. As early as late winter (depending on mildness of tropical climate), a pseudobulb will send up a tall flower stem that may or may not branch. The many ping pong ball-sized flowers are overall a rich tan-pink, but a closer view shows hints of mauve and muted salmon or coppery brown as well as a lip of white with deep rose veins or rose-violet. They are long-lasting and on occasion some plants will produce additional flower stems again in autumn if grown well.

Grow Handbury's encyclia orchid in a frost-free situation. It needs very bright light, partial sun to light dappled shade in an acidic, friable soil with coarse bark that is moist (but well-draining) in summer's warmth but much drier during winter. High humidity and good air circulation when in growth is required. Very dark green leaves likely indicates too dim of light and will also prevent flowering. It can also be mounted upon a tree trunk, in a sunny tree crotch or on a tree fern plaque, too. It can be a lovely houseplant for a warm, very bright window. When in flower it takes up much more room because of the tall flower spike.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 7

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    11 - 14

  • Sunset Zone

    H2

  • Plant Type

    Tender Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    16"-36" / 40.6cm - 91.4cm (18)

  • Width

    18"-24" / 45.7cm - 61.0cm

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Spring, Late Spring, Early Summer

  • Native To

    World/Pandemic

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Light Pink, Rose, Dark Salmon, Bronze, Tan, Sandy Brown, Sienna, Ivory

  • Flower Color Modifier

    Multi-Color, Striped

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Feature Plant, Houseplant, Mixed Border

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No