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ENKIANTHUS campanulatus

Image of Enkianthus campanulatus

Maureen Gilmer

Family

Ericaceae

Botanical Name

ENKIANTHUS campanulatus

Plant Common Name

Redvein Enkianthus

General Description

A tree-like deciduous shrub from Japan, redvein enkianthus is extremely slow-growing but develops a picturesque habit with age. Its leaves are simple and elliptical in shape with bristles on the edges and red leaf stems. The bluish green foliage contrasts beautifully with the reddish twigs they grow from. In late spring to early summer, small, pendent, bell-shaped blossoms dangle from the branch ends. These oddly fragrant blooms are creamy white or pale yellow and marked with pink or fuchsia veins. The brown, fall fruits that follow aren't ornamental, but the autumn foliage is brilliant yellowish orange or red: one of the defining ornamental features of redvein enkianthus. Once the leaves fall, the architecturally interesting, smooth, gray-brown branches and red twigs offer winter interest.

Plant redvein enkianthus in full or partial shade and acid to neutral soil that is rich in organic matter and well-drained. Even with the best care, it grows slowly. Culturally happy specimens will become larger in areas with milder winters. This shrub is a great focal plant for open woodland gardens with and understory of pretty perennials for shade. Some of its cultural equals include rhododendrons, azaleas and mountain laurels. The selection 'Red Bells' has exceptionally colorful red-tipped, red-veined flowers and 'Albiflorus' has creamy white blossoms and orange fall foliage.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 4

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21

  • Plant Type

    Shrub

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    6'-15' / 1.8m - 4.6m

  • Width

    8'-15' / 2.4m - 4.6m

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring, Early Summer

  • Native To

    Japan

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Very Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Spreading

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Red, Fuchsia, Ivory

  • Flower Color Modifier

    Bicolor

  • Fruit Color

    Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Light Green, Blue Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Blue Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Yellow, Red, Orange

  • Bark Color

    Red, Sandy Brown, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Foundation, Mixed Border, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No