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ERIA merrillii

Image of Eria merrillii

Michael Charters, www.calflora.net

Family

Orchidaceae

Botanical Name

ERIA merrillii

Plant Common Name

Eria, Orchid

General Description

Eria merrillii is an epiphytic (tree-dwelling) orchid grown for its attractive leaves and its many-flowered clusters of small white blooms. Also known as Eria ovata and Pinalia ovata, it is native to warm humid lowland forests from the Ryuku Islands to Borneo and New Guinea.

This evergreen perennial forms clumps of erect, fleshy, cane-like pseudobulbs, each topped by four to five leathery, lance-shaped leaves. Long clusters of whitish, somewhat unpleasantly scented blooms arch from the pseudobulb's tip and nodes in summer.

This frost-intolerant orchid thrives in bright dappled shade in a warm, humid, well ventilated greenhouse or tropical garden. Grow it in a hanging pot in a free-draining "orchid mix," or mount it on a tree crotch or wood slab. Water frequently and feed occasionally from spring to fall, reducing water and fertilizer in winter.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 10

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    11 - 15

  • Plant Type

    Epiphyte

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Shade

  • Height

    10"-18" / 25.4cm - 45.7cm

  • Width

    10"-18" / 25.4cm - 45.7cm

  • Bloom Time

    Summer

  • Native To

    Southeastern Asia, China, Japan, Melanesia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Light Yellow, Violet, Ivory

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Light Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Light Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Light Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green, Light Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Hanging Basket, Houseplant, Rock Garden / Wall, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No