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ERICA carnea 'Vivellii'

Image of Erica carnea 'Vivellii'

Russell Stafford

Family

Ericaceae

Botanical Name

ERICA carnea 'Vivellii'

Plant Common Name

Alpine Heath, Spring Heath, Vivellii Heath, Winter Heath

General Description

The broad, low spreading evergreen subshrub 'Vivellii' is a dwarf alpine heath that becomes covered with carmine-red flowers in winter and early spring. Erica carnea hails from the European Alps eastward into eastern Europe. This tidy cultivar has fine, needle-like, green leaves and tiny bell-shaped blooms. In winter, the leaves turn to shades of bronzy red.

Plant heath in a full sun location with evenly moist, humus-rich, well-drained soil. This species is somewhat tolerant of slightly alkaline soil and partial shade, unlike other heaths. If pruning is necessary, do it immediately after it flowers in spring. This is an ideal evergreen for rock gardens and wall edges. It pairs well with other acid-loving plants like wintergreen, azaleas and dwarf conifers.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    7 - 5

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 7

  • Sunset Zone

    A3, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Shrub

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    5"-6" / 12.7cm - 15.2cm

  • Width

    12"-22" / 30.5cm - 55.9cm

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Late Winter

  • Native To

    Europe, Eastern Europe, Southern Europe

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Cushion/Mound-forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Magenta, Crimson

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green, Bronze

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Red, Bronze

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Alpine, Container, Edging, Groundcover, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No