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ERYTHRONIUM californicum 'White Beauty'

Image of Erythronium californicum 'White Beauty'

International Flower Bulb Centre

Family

Liliaceae

Botanical Name

ERYTHRONIUM californicum 'White Beauty'

Plant Common Name

California Dogtooth Violet, California Fawnlily

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

Elegant woodland perennials from the middle latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere, erythroniums are grown for their exquisite flowers and for their often strikingly marked leaves. Appearing in spring, the yellow, pink, white, or violet flowers nod from wiry, erect, leafless stems that may be green, purple or brown. Usually one bloom is borne per stem. Resembling small lilies, the flowers have six backswept segments that give them the appearance of taking flight. A starburst of yellow or purple anthers often protrudes from the gaping blooms. Each flowering plant produces a pair of broadly lance-shaped basal leaves, which are typically flecked or shadowed with silver, bronze or maroon. The leaves go dormant soon after the flowers wither. Plants grow from small, tooth-shaped bulbs, which sometimes spread via underground stolons.

These beautiful plants grow and flower best in partial shade and well-drained, humus-rich soil. They fare poorly in wet or arid soil. They will often self-sow where happy. Use them in shaded rock gardens, borders, or naturalistic plantings.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17

  • Plant Type

    Bulb or Corm or Tuber

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    5"-18" / 12.7cm - 45.7cm

  • Width

    3"-5" / 7.6cm - 12.7cm

  • Bloom Time

    Spring

  • Native To

    Northeastern United States, Mid-Atlantic United States, Southeastern United States, Central United States, Western United States, Canada, Europe, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Japan

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Yellow, Purple, Pink

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Burgundy, Bronze, Silver

  • Foliage Color (Spring) Modifier

    Spotted/Mottled

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall, Wildflower

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes