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EUCHARIS amazonica

Image of Eucharis amazonica

International Flower Bulb Centre

Family

Amaryllidaceae

Botanical Name

EUCHARIS amazonica

Plant Common Name

Amazon Lily, Eucharist Lily

General Description

Glorious in foliage and in blossom, this bulbous perennial from moist forests of northwestern South America is renowned for its fragrant white flowers and broad evergreen leaves.

The glossy, dark green, hosta-like leaves of this tender perennial arise from a large, shallow-growing, tunic-covered bulb. Domed clusters of four to eight nodding, sweet-scented white flowers are borne on knee-high, leafless stalks ("scapes") in mid to late summer, and again in winter if warmth and moisture are sufficient. The flowers have six rounded, spreading segments surrounding a large central cup formed by the fused, flattened bases of the six stamens. The flowers of cultivated plants are sterile, producing no seed.

Amazon lily thrives in partial shade, high humidity, and warm summers. It makes a wonderful ground-covering landscape plant for frost-free gardens, and an excellent container plant for other areas. Containerized plants can be reluctant to flower, sometimes benefiting from a cool dryish winter rest. Be wary of snails and slugs, which devour the leaves and stems.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 8

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    10 - 15

  • Plant Type

    Bulb or Corm or Tuber

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    18"-30" / 45.7cm - 76.2cm

  • Width

    10"-18" / 25.4cm - 45.7cm

  • Bloom Time

    Summer, Late Summer, Winter, Indeterminate

  • Native To

    South America

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Dark Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Cutflower, Groundcover, Houseplant, Mixed Border, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes