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EUCOMIS comosa

Image of Eucomis comosa

International Flower Bulb Centre

Family

Liliaceae

Botanical Name

EUCOMIS comosa

Plant Common Name

Pineapple Flower, Pineapple Lily

General Description

This summer-growing bulbous perennial from eastern South Africa is grown for its bold, often strikingly marked leaves and its showy flowers.

Emerging in spring from a large egg-shaped bulb, the wavy, light green, broadly strap-shaped leaves form a handsome rosette. The leaves - which die back in fall - often have purple markings or flushing. Tall cylindrical spikes of star-shaped white or pinkish flowers are borne on stout fleshy stalks (scapes) in summer. The scapes are often purple-flecked. A frilly crest of leafy bracts overtops the flowers (giving rise to the common name "pineapple lily").

Surprisingly hardy given its African origin, this bulb does best in fertile, well-drained soil in full sun. It requires ample summer moisture, and dryish conditions during its winter dormant period. Plant bulbs in spring at a depth of two to three times their width. Where marginally hardy, apply a coarse airy winter mulch. Pineapple lily's bold foliage and intriguing flowers suit it for use in containers, mixed borders, and cutting gardens. Purple-leaved cultivars include 'Oakhurst' and 'Sparkling Burgundy.'

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    7 - 10

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Bulb or Corm or Tuber

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    16"-28" / 40.6cm - 71.1cm

  • Width

    12"-16" / 30.5cm - 40.6cm

  • Bloom Time

    Early Summer, Summer, Late Summer

  • Native To

    South Africa

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Summer

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Light Pink

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Purple, Light Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Purple, Light Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Purple, Light Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Cutflower, Feature Plant, Houseplant, Mixed Border, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes