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EUONYMUS alatus 'Compactus'

Image of Euonymus alatus 'Compactus'

Gerald L. Klingaman

Family

Celastraceae

Botanical Name

EUONYMUS alatus 'Compactus'

Plant Common Name

Burning Bush, Dwarf Burning Bush

General Description

Dwarf burning bush is a somewhat compact deciduous shrub that originates from China, Japan and Korea. This popular landscape plant has a spreading habit, compound leaves of dark green and prominent corky 'wings' along its stems. But, it is best known for its fall foliage of glowing vibrant red, thus the name burning bush.

Late in the season it becomes covered with four-lobed capsules that split open to reveal orange-red seeds. These are relished by birds and disseminated everywhere. These seeds germinate readily and grow quickly causing this plant to be invasive in natural environments across North America.

Burning bush is shade tolerant, but grows best in sites with full sun and well drained, fertile soil.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    4 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    A3, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16

  • Plant Type

    Shrub

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade, Full Shade

  • Height

    6'-8' / 1.8m - 2.4m

  • Width

    6'-8' / 1.8m - 2.4m

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring

  • Native To

    China, Japan, Korea

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Yellow Green

  • Fruit Color

    Orange Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Red

  • Bark Color

    Gray Green, Gray

  • Bark Color Modifier

    Striped/Striated

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    Yes

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Corky

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Hedges, Mixed Border, Screening / Wind Break

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes