EUONYMUS europaeus 'Atrorubens'
Plant Common Name
Ananbeam, Atrorubens European Euonymus, Cat Tree, Spindle Tree
This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.
The rounded form of Atrorubens spindletree has green turning to purple foliage in summer followed by autumn interest when its dark rosy pink fruits split open to show the orange-covered white seeds and its glossy foliage changes to red. A large shrub to small tree that is deciduous, it is native to much of Europe and also western Asia. With its broad adaptability to any well-draining soil and copious production of seeds, it is invasive in many temperate regions of the world, including the United States.
The glossy dark green leaves are oval and have small scalloped edges become purplish with summer's warmth. In late spring this plant bears tiny yellow-green flowers, but they are inconspicuous, pollinated by bees. The many round dark pinkish red fruits that follow are pretty. By early autumn the persistent fruits split open to show off the small white seeds with orange seedcoats (aril) that will be eaten by birds and scattered about the landscape. Leaves blush to yellow and then tones of either orange-red or red. The smooth grayish brown bark is punctuated by its youngest twigs that remain green.
Grow 'Atrorubens' in full sun to partial shade in any moderately fertile well-draining soil regardless of pH. This adaptability and seed production leads to it likely invasiveness. Fast-growing, it is often used as a windbreak, informal hedge or small tree for difficult and foundation beds, especially when lowest branches are removed. It is susceptible to euonymus scale.
There are human health and livestock health concerns regarding this plant. For further information visit http://www.scib.gc.ca/pls/pp/ppack.info?p_psn=106&p_type=all&p_sci=sci&p_x=px .
AHS Heat Zone
7 - 1
USDA Hardiness Zone
4 - 7
1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16
Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade
12'-28' / 3.7m - 8.5m
10'-24' / 3.0m - 7.3m
Europe, Western Asia
Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Clay, Loam, Sand
Drought Tolerant, Average Water