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EUONYMUS europaeus 'Red Cap'

Image of Euonymus europaeus 'Red Cap'

Jesse Saylor

Family

Celastraceae

Botanical Name

EUONYMUS europaeus 'Red Cap'

Plant Common Name

Ananbeam, Cat Tree, Red Cap European Euonymus, Spindle Tree

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

Abundantly producing its showy magenta-pink fruits that split open to show the orange-covered white seeds, Red Cap spindletree has glossy foliage that blushes red in autumn. A large shrub to small tree that is deciduous, it is native to much of Europe and also western Asia. With its broad adaptability to any well-draining soil and copious production of seeds, it is invasive in many temperate regions of the world, including the United States.

The glossy dark green leaves are oval and have small scalloped edges. In late spring this plant bears tiny pale green flowers, but they are inconspicuous, pollinated by bees. The copious round hot magenta-pink fruits that follow are pretty. By early autumn the fruits split open to show off the small white seeds with orange seedcoats (aril) that will be eaten by birds and scattered about the landscape. Leaves blush to tones of red upon yellow-green. The smooth grayish brown bark is punctuated by its youngest twigs that remain green and hold the red fruits well into midwinter.

Grow 'Red Cap' in full sun to partial shade in any moderately fertile well-draining soil regardless of pH. This adaptability and seed production leads to it likely invasiveness. Fast-growing, it is often used as a windbreak, informal hedge for difficult and foundation beds, or as a large accent in a mixed shrub border. It is susceptible to euonymus scale. The persistent winter fruits are especially pretty in snowy landscapes and used as cut fillers in indoor harvest arrangements.

There are human health and livestock health concerns regarding this plant. For further information visit http://www.scib.gc.ca/pls/pp/ppack.info?p_psn=106&p_type=all&p_sci=sci&p_x=px .

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    7 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    4 - 7

  • Sunset Zone

    1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16

  • Plant Type

    Shrub

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    8'-15' / 2.4m - 4.6m

  • Width

    10'-12' / 3.0m - 3.7m

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring

  • Native To

    Europe, Western Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Light Green

  • Fruit Color

    White, Orange, Hot Pink, Magenta

  • Fruit Color Modifier

    Multi-Color

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Red, Yellow Green

  • Bark Color

    Sandy Brown, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Cutflower, Hedges, Mixed Border, Screening / Wind Break

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    Yes

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes