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EUONYMUS fortunei 'Harlequin'

Image of Euonymus fortunei 'Harlequin'

James H. Schutte

Family

Celastraceae

Botanical Name

EUONYMUS fortunei 'Harlequin'

Plant Common Name

Harlequin Wintercreeper, Wintercreeper

General Description

One of the best known and most durable broadleaf evergreens, wintercreeper is a hardy groundcover or shrub from China. The small, oval, dark green leaves of the dwarf cultivar 'Harlequin' are generously splashed with white. Plants spread slowly to form dense mats. They also climb via rootlike holdfasts. Like most trailing forms of wintercreeper, 'Harlequin' doesn't flower or fruit.

This adaptable ornamental does well in most soils in partial to full shade. It is prone to leaf scorch in full sun. Use it as a small-scale ground cover beneath trees or in other shady sites.

Wintercreeper is listed as an invasive exotic throughout much of the eastern United States and Canada. It is susceptible to euonymus scale.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 2

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17

  • Plant Type

    Broadleaf Evergreen

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade, Full Shade

  • Height

    8"-12" / 20.3cm - 30.5cm

  • Width

    12"-24" / 30.5cm - 61.0cm

  • Native To

    China

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Pollution, Drought, Soil Compaction

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Mat-forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    None

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    White, Dark Green, Pink, Ivory

  • Foliage Color (Spring) Modifier

    Variegated

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    White, Dark Green, Pink, Ivory

  • Foliage Color (Summer) Modifier

    Variegated

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    White, Dark Green, Pink, Ivory

  • Foliage Color (Fall) Modifier

    Variegated

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    White, Dark Green, Pink, Ivory

  • Foliage Color (Winter) Modifier

    Variegated

  • Bark Color

    Green, Brown

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Corky

  • Usage

    Container, Edging, Groundcover, Vine

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No