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EUONYMUS fortunei 'Sarcoxie'

Image of Euonymus fortunei 'Sarcoxie'

James H. Schutte

Family

Celastraceae

Botanical Name

EUONYMUS fortunei 'Sarcoxie'

Plant Common Name

Sarcoxie Wintercreeper, Wintercreeper

General Description

One of the best known and most durable broadleaf evergreens, wintercreeper is a hardy groundcover or shrub from China. The cultivar 'Sarcoxie' is a vigorous upright shrub with oval glossy green leaves. Its stems climb readily via rootlike holdfasts. In late spring and early summer it bears clusters of insignificant greenish flowers, followed by pinkish-white fruits that open to reveal fleshy orange seeds. Birds eat and disseminate the seeds.

This shade-loving ornamental does well in most conditions except for damp soils. It is among the most drought-tolerant and insect-resistant wintercreeper cultivars. Use it in foundation plantings, mixed borders, or containers.

Wintercreeper is listed as an invasive exotic throughout much of the eastern United States and Canada.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 2

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17

  • Plant Type

    Broadleaf Evergreen

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade, Full Shade

  • Height

    4'-5' / 1.2m - 1.5m

  • Width

    3'-4' / 0.9m - 1.2m

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring, Early Summer

  • Native To

    China

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Pollution, Drought, Salt, Soil Compaction

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Light Green

  • Fruit Color

    White, Orange, Light Pink

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Green, Brown

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Corky

  • Usage

    Container, Foundation, Hedges, Vine

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    Sometimes

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes