Helping You Become a More Successful Gardener
Mark A. Miller
Popular in gardens since Victorian times, Japanese spindletree is a dense, oval to pyramidal, broadleaf evergreen native to eastern Asia. Somewhat slow growing, it eventually forms a large shrub or small tree. The lustrous leathery oval leaves look great year-round. Small yellow vinegar-scented flowers appear in late spring to early summer followed by rose-hued fruits that open to reveal orange-red seeds (arils). Most cultivated specimens bear little or no fruit. Many cultivars are grown, including numerous dwarf and variegated selections.
This relatively cold-tender shrub tolerates a wide range of growing environments including clay and acid soils, full sun to full shade, and salt spray. In dry shady sites it is prone to mildew. It is amenable to heavy pruning and can be easily shaped for hedges and foundation plantings. It is also ideal for screening, for coastal gardens, or as a specimen. Use it in containers in areas with severe winters. Older specimens can be pruned to expose their curved trunks and arching branches. This species is considered invasive in some regions including New Zealand.
9 - 1
6 - 9
H1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20
Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade, Full Shade
3'-15' / 0.9m - 4.6m (8)
3'-12' / 0.9m - 3.7m (6)
Late Spring, Early Summer
Eastern Asia, China, Japan, Korea
Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Clay, Loam, Sand
Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter
Light Yellow, Yellow Green
Light Pink, Rose, Orange Red
Container, Feature Plant, Foundation, Hedges, Mixed Border, Screening / Wind Break, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier
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