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EUPHORBIA grandidens

Image of Euphorbia grandidens

James H. Schutte

Family

Euphorbiaceae

Botanical Name

EUPHORBIA grandidens

Plant Common Name

Chandelier Euphorbia, Large-toothed Euphorbia

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

Tall and gangley, this disorganized looking succulent tree is not as geometrically beautiful as some, but it compensates with a cast iron constitution. It is native to the eastern regions of South Africa where its range spans both states of Natal and drier inland Transvaal. Where moisture is more plentiful these plants can reach monumental proportions with large copses of them functioning much like its own forest ecosystem. They are found in both savanna and hill country wherever soils are sufficiently well drained. This great succulent features a distinctive main trunk, which supports a few slender, often drooping secondary branches that lend a disorderly appearance that’s unappealing to some. Each branch bears with its own whorl of foliage which is long and thin, proving far more flexible than other euphorbias. Paired thorns line the stem edges augmented by smaller prickles giving this plant a double bite to browsers in the dry season.

This euphorbia blooms in late spring to summer. Its greenish yellow flowers, known as cyathia, are produced between spine pairs on newer growth, restricting them largely to the branch tips. The blooms are followed by three angled fruits that take on a subtle rose coloring with maturity. This species does very well in ground with good drainage in a frost free climate where individuals can reach great size. It makes an equally fine container specimen to move into a protected location for the winter. While it may grow in full sun in the wild, it is best to plant where protected from afternoon exposure inland.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 10

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    14 - 15

  • Sunset Zone

    21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Cactus or Succulent

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    15'-30' / 4.6m - 9.1m

  • Width

    3'-6' / 0.9m - 1.8m

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring, Early Summer

  • Native To

    South Africa

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Xeric/Desert, Drought Tolerant

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Yellow Green

  • Fruit Color

    Rose

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green

  • Bark Color

    Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Container, Rock Garden / Wall

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    Yes

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No