Advanced Search Filters

Plant Type
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
Sunset Zone
Function
Sun Exposure
Soil Moisture
Water Requirement

EUPHORBIA ingens

Image of Euphorbia ingens

Maureen Gilmer

Family

Euphorbiaceae

Botanical Name

EUPHORBIA ingens

Plant Common Name

Cactus Spurge, Candelabra Tree

General Description

Named for its rounded crown of elaborately branched stems, candelabra tree is a bold, architectural plant for landscapes in arid, frost-free regions. This large, tree-sized succulent superficially resembles a cactus, but is not actually related. It is native to the warm, dry grasslands of southern Africa.

Candelabra tree bears needle-like barbs which are borne on vertical ridges that divide its thick, upright branches into four or five segments. Small, yellow-green flowers appear at the ends of the branches from autumn to winter. These are pollinated by bees, butterflies and other insects. The flowers give way to rounded, three-lobed fruits which become purple-red when ripe, and provide food for fruit-eating birds.

For best performance, provide this plant with full sun and sharply-drained, lean soil. It requires very little water and is intolerant of wet conditions, particularly during winter. The thick stems of candelabra tree are filled with a milky, latex sap which may pose some health concerns for humans and mammals. For more information on this topic, go to http://www.plantzafrica.com/plantefg/euphorbingen.htm .

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 10

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    13 - 15

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 13, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Cactus or Succulent

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    15'-25' / 4.6m - 7.6m

  • Width

    8'-12' / 2.4m - 3.7m

  • Bloom Time

    Fall, Late Fall, Early Winter

  • Native To

    Southern Africa

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Xeric/Desert, Drought Tolerant

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Yellow, Yellow Green

  • Fruit Color

    Red, Purple

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green

  • Bark Color

    Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Bold

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Foundation, Rock Garden / Wall, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    Yes

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds, Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes