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EUPHORBIA pulcherrima (WINTER ROSE® EARLY RED)

Image of Euphorbia pulcherrima 'Per1072' (WINTER ROSE® EARLY RED, WINTER ROSE® EARLY SERIES) PP15883

Mark A. Miller

Family

Euphorbiaceae

Botanical Name

EUPHORBIA pulcherrima 'Per1072'( WINTER ROSE® EARLY RED, WINTER ROSE® EARLY SERIES) PP15883

Plant Common Name

General Description

The poinsettia Winter Rose® Early Red produces red, rose-like clusters of curled flower bracts atop compact, dark-leaved, relatively early-blooming plants. This Paul Ecke Ranch introduction was raised from seed by Ruth Kobayashi of Carlsbad, California, in 2000. Like all modern Euphorbia pulcherrima cultivars, Winter Rose® Early Red develops from a newly rooted cutting into a bushy, bloom-laden, market-ready plant in a matter of months. Height and width dimensions cited below are for first-year greenhouse-grown plants. Older plants attain much greater size. Wild poinsettias in the uplands of western Mexico are leggy deciduous shrubs that typically bloom on naked stems.

All poinsettias have upright woody stems with large, oval, slightly lobed leaves and milky sap. As nights lengthen in fall, clusters of inconspicuous yellow blooms with showy petal-like bracts develop at the stem tips. Winter Rose® Early Red bears dense, ruffled clusters of recurved, puckered flower bracts on well-branched 12- to 16-inch (30- to 40-cm) plants. The dark green, elliptic leaves are also recurved. The flower bracts develop in mid to late fall and remain attractive for several weeks.

Poinsettias require full to partial sun and average to fertile well-drained soil. In the cooler parts of their hardiness range they should be grown in a sheltered site. Where tender, they make good potted plants for sunny windowsills or greenhouses.

These tender ornamentals can be reluctant to rebloom because flowering is triggered by long nights. The best method is to site plants in natural daylight, where they will experience shortening days. Professional growers shade their plants at night starting around the autumnal equinox to ensure full bract coloration six to eight weeks later.

Poinsettia is sometimes the subject of slight health concerns. See http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/consumer/poison/Euphopu.htm

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 10

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    9 - 15

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 13, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Shrub

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    12"-16" / 30.5cm - 40.6cm

  • Width

    10"-16" / 25.4cm - 40.6cm

  • Bloom Time

    Late Fall, Early Winter, Winter

  • Native To

    Mexico

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Green, Tan

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Semi-Evergreen

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Container, Feature Plant, Houseplant, Mixed Border, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No