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FAGRAEA berteroana

Image of Fagraea berteroana

Forest & Kim Starr

Family

Loganiaceae

Botanical Name

FAGRAEA berteroana

Plant Common Name

Pua Kenikeni, Ten Cent Flower

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

One of the most fragrant and exquisite flowers used in leis, pua kenikeni, or "ten cent flower", bears tubular ivory flowers that age to gold in summer and autumn. A slow growing tree native to the south Pacific and tropical eastern Australia, its flowers are also potent enough to impart their fragrance into coconut oil for use as massage and hair oils. This tree attains a spreading to rounded shape.

The large, oval, glossy leaves can have gentle ripples across them, giving the plant an interesting coarse texture. Potentially producing flowers anytime in the warm months, it is commonly in best floral display in summer and fall. The ivory flowers are tubular and occur in small, loose clusters on branch tips. Each bloom have five petals that will recurve, and age from ivory to yellow and eventually orange. Moths pollinate them and permit the formation of small orange fruits that are loaded with seeds.

Grow pua kenikeni in full to partial sun locations that never are threatened by winter frosts. Soils should be very fertile, moist and have good drainage; humusy conditions are preferred. Year-round availability of humid air greatly improves the performance of this plant. Use pua kenikeni as a shade or specimen tree (a shrub while it is young), or as a screen. The fragrant flowers are no less than delightful and can be cut and placed in water, in a corsage, lei or simply strewn on the table for an event.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 10

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    10 - 15

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    15'-40' / 4.6m - 12.2m

  • Width

    10'-30' / 3.0m - 9.1m

  • Bloom Time

    Summer, Late Summer, Early Fall, Fall, Late Fall

  • Native To

    Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Australia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Light Yellow, Ivory

  • Fruit Color

    Orange

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green, Olive

  • Bark Color

    Tan, Sandy Brown

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Cutflower, Feature Plant, Mixed Border, Street Trees, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No