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FAGUS sylvatica var. heterophylla
Cherished for its smooth gray bark, elegant deciduous foliage, stately habit, and adaptability, European beech has long been a garden favorite on its native continent and elsewhere. Distinguished by its cut or lobed leaves, variety heterophylla has given rise to several well-known cultivars, including the lacy-leaved 'Asplenifolia'. Glistening golden-green in spring, the leaves mature to dark green in summer. In autumn they turn shades of yellow, orange and bronze. Inconspicuous flowers in spring are followed by bristly capsules that ripen to tan in late summer and fall. They contain one to three edible nuts that are prized by wildlife. Raw nuts are not edible to humans. These trees grows relatively slowly into medium to large, rounded, low-branched specimens.
Tough and reliable, European beech performs best in moist, well-drained, acidic to alkaline soil in full sun. Established trees tolerate some drought. With their majestic habit and textured foliage, these trees make striking specimens for park-like settings or large residential landscapes. They are beautiful in combination with coarser-leaved plants such as magnolias. They also work well for bonsai or hedging.
8 - 1
5 - 9
A3, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Full Sun, Partial Sun
40'-90' / 12.2m - 27.4m
35'-90' / 10.7m - 27.4m
Early Spring, Spring
Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter
Green, Tan, Brown
Light Green, Lime Green
Gold, Copper, Bronze
Gray, Silver, Slate Gray
Feature Plant, Hedges, Shade Trees, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier
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