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FEIJOA sellowiana

Image of Feijoa sellowiana

James H. Schutte

Family

Myrtaceae

Botanical Name

FEIJOA sellowiana

Plant Common Name

Pineapple Guava

General Description

Pineapple guava is a large evergreen shrub grown as an ornamental and for fruit. It is native to the subtropical regions of Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. The plant is usually grown with multiple stems which arise close to the ground, though it can be pruned into a standard or small tree.

The leaves are leathery, elliptical to egg shaped, opposite each other on the stems, dark to olive green on the upper surface and silver from dense hairs on the lower surface. Flowers appear spring and summer in the leaf axils (the joint where the leaf meets the stem) near the ends of the branches. Edible flowers are fleshy with many scarlet to purple stamens and four cupped petals, white on the outside and rose to rusty colored inside. The oval to pear-shaped fruit is green, occasionally with a rosy blush. Fruit is best when left to mature on the shrub. If planting pineapple guavas for fruit production, choose a cultivar known for an abundance or high quality fruit such as ‘Coolidge’. Some cultivars are self-fertile, other require a pollinating variety planted close by.

A dependable, tough shrub, pineapple guava is tolerant of most soils as long as it is well drained. Full sun is best for flower and fruit production, but the shrub grows very well in part shade. Pineapple guava is also tolerant of temperatures, but prefers areas with cool nights and a few chilling hours, temperatures below 45 degrees Fahrenheit. It is tolerant of temperatures below freezing for a few hours. Propagate Feijoa by seed or cutting; however grafting is best for reproducing known cultivars. Pest, drought and salt tolerant, pineapple guava is a good choice for home fruit orchards, screening hedges and accent plants.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 9

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    7 - 10

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 7, 8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Shrub

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    5'-15' / 1.5m - 4.6m

  • Width

    8'-20' / 2.4m - 6.1m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Spring, Late Spring, Early Summer, Summer, Late Summer

  • Native To

    South America

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Pollution, Drought, Salt

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Red, Pink, Rose

  • Flower Color Modifier

    Bicolor

  • Fruit Color

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Olive, Dark Green, Silver

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Olive, Dark Green, Silver

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Olive, Dark Green, Silver

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green, Olive, Dark Green, Silver

  • Bark Color

    Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    Yes

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    Yes

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Edible, Feature Plant, Fruit / Fruit Tree, Hedges, Screening / Wind Break

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    No