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FRAGARIA chiloensis

Image of Fragaria chiloensis

James H. Schutte

Family

Rosaceae

Botanical Name

FRAGARIA chiloensis

Plant Common Name

Beach Strawberry, Strawberry, Wild Strawberry

General Description

This strawberry from the Pacific coasts of North and South America produces relatively little fruit, but it makes a fine ground cover for sun or partial shade. It is one of the parents of the modern garden strawberry.

A herbaceous perennial that spreads via runners, wild strawberry forms low carpets of leathery, glossy, dark green leaves that each have three coarsely toothed leaflets. The foliage take on a beautiful red tint in winter. Plants spread, but not as rampantly as many other strawberries. In spring, beautiful white five-petaled flowers are held above and stand out against the dark green leaves. Small red berries follow the flowers, attracting birds.

This plant asks for little other than regular water, adequately drained acidic to neutral soil, and protection from hot afternoon sun. Occasional light fertilization prevents bare patches. It’s common practice to mow down the foliage at winter's end to remove old stems and stimulate new more vigorous leaf development. This plant is perfect for providing dense weed-smothering mats under high-branched trees or on sandy banks.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Width

    12"-30" / 30.5cm - 76.2cm

  • Bloom Time

    Spring

  • Native To

    Western United States, South America

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Mat-forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    Yes

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Edging, Edible, Groundcover, Rock Garden / Wall, Wildflower

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No