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FRAGARIA x ananassa 'Florida Ninety'

Image of Fragaria x ananassa 'Florida Ninety'

Family

Rosaceae

Botanical Name

FRAGARIA x ananassa 'Florida Ninety'

Plant Common Name

Florida Ninety Strawberry, Garden Strawberry, Strawberry

General Description

Garden strawberries are low-growing hybrid perennials prized for their sweet, aromatic red fruit. A "cool-season" strawberry for areas with mild humid winters, 'Florida Ninety' is a 1952 University of Florida introduction that resists crown rot and that flowers and fruits from fall to spring.

This cultivar bears three-lobed leaves in clumps that form offsets via numerous trailing stolons. When days are short and temperatures moderate, plants produce round white five-petaled flowers, followed by large, bright red, narrowly conical fruits. In contrast to most "short-day" strawberries, 'Florida Ninety' flowers and fruits through winter rather than going semi-dormant.

Bred as an annual winter crop for large-scale Florida growers but now superseded by 'Carmine' and other varieties, 'Florida Ninety' thrives in full sun and moderately fertile, moist, well-drained, acidic to neutral soil. Remove older "mother" plants in spring or after plants bloom, leaving offsets to replace them. Garden strawberries are good choices for culinary gardens, containers, or "strawberry towers." This variety is well suited for small-scale growing for farm stands and local markets. Strawberries are vulnerable to numerous pests and diseases, which should be monitored and controlled if necessary.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    6 - 9

  • Plant Type

    Fruit

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    6"-8" / 15.2cm - 20.3cm

  • Width

    1'-2' / 0.3m - 0.6m

  • Bloom Time

    Late Fall, Early Winter, Winter, Late Winter

  • Native To

    Hybrid Origin

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Mat-forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White

  • Fruit Color

    Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    Yes

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Edging, Edible, Fruit / Fruit Tree, Hanging Basket, Herb / Vegetable

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    No