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FRAGARIA x ananassa 'Tioga'

Image of Fragaria x ananassa 'Tioga'

Family

Rosaceae

Botanical Name

FRAGARIA x ananassa 'Tioga'

Plant Common Name

Garden Strawberry, Strawberry, Tioga Strawberry

General Description

Garden strawberries are low-growing hybrid perennials prized for their sweet, aromatic red fruit. Introduced in 1964 by the University of California, 'Tioga' bears multiple crops of tasty strawberries from early spring to fall.

Like all strawberry cultivars, 'Tioga' forms clumps of compound, three-parted leaves with toothed leaflets. Plants produce prostrate stems ("stolons") that root to form new plantlets. From late winter to late spring, plants bear round white five-petaled flowers that develop from buds formed the previous fall. The flowers give rise to large, very firm, medium-red berries. In areas with moderate summers, 'Tioga' continues to bloom and fruit through summer and into fall.

No longer widely grown in California, this cultivar thrives in full sun, moderate temperatures, and moist, well-drained, acidic to neutral soil. Remove older "mother" plants in spring or after plants bloom, leaving offsets to replace them. Garden strawberries are good choices for culinary gardens, containers, or "strawberry towers." They are vulnerable to numerous pests and diseases, which should be monitored and controlled if necessary.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    4 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, H1, H2, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Fruit

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    6"-8" / 15.2cm - 20.3cm

  • Width

    1'-2' / 0.3m - 0.6m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Spring, Late Spring, Early Summer, Summer, Late Summer, Early Fall, Late Winter

  • Native To

    Hybrid Origin

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Mat-forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White

  • Fruit Color

    Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    Yes

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Edging, Edible, Fruit / Fruit Tree, Hanging Basket, Herb / Vegetable

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    No