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FRAGARIA x ananassa 'Warfield'

Image of Fragaria x ananassa 'Warfield'

Ulysses Prentiss Hedrick et al., USDA Corvallis

Family

Rosaceae

Botanical Name

FRAGARIA x ananassa 'Warfield'

Plant Common Name

Garden Strawberry, Strawberry

General Description

Garden strawberries are hybrid perennials prized for their sweet, aromatic red fruit. The heirloom variety 'Warfield' bears numerous small, robustly flavored, dark-red berries on vigorous hardy plants. Rarely grown today, this "June-bearing" strawberry was a favorite of commercial growers in the northern United States in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. It originated in Sandoval, Illinois, around 1882.

Like most garden strawberries, 'Warfield' spreads by runners to form expanding mats of three-lobed leaves. The round, white, five- to eight-petaled flowers open in spring from buds initiated the previous fall. A few flowers and fruits may also appear in late summer. This self-sterile cultivar will not form fruits unless pollenized by another strawberry variety. The round, medium-firm berries ripen in late spring, early in the June-bearing strawberry season. They are excellent for freezing, canning, or fresh eating.

Garden strawberries thrive in full sun and moderately fertile, moist, acidic to neutral soil. They are good choices for culinary gardens, containers, or "strawberry towers." They are vulnerable to numerous pests and diseases, which should be monitored and controlled if necessary. This variety is noted for its relative disease-resistance.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    4 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Fruit

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    6"-8" / 15.2cm - 20.3cm

  • Width

    1'-2' / 0.3m - 0.6m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Spring, Late Spring, Late Winter

  • Native To

    Hybrid Origin

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Mat-forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White

  • Fruit Color

    Crimson, Dark Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    Yes

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Edible, Fruit / Fruit Tree, Groundcover, Hanging Basket, Herb / Vegetable

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    No