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FRAGARIA x ananassa

Image of Fragaria x ananassa

Gerald L. Klingaman

Family

Rosaceae

Botanical Name

FRAGARIA x ananassa

Plant Common Name

Garden Strawberry, Strawberry

General Description

The sweet, aromatic red fruit of this low-growing herbaceous perennial are a late spring favorite. Garden strawberries vary greatly in the size and flavor of their fruits, but all bear three-lobed leaves and most form offsets via trailing stems known as stolons. Plants bear round white five-petaled flowers in early to mid-spring, followed by the cone-shaped fruits. Many cultivars produce only one crop a year in late spring and early summer, but everbearing cultivars continue fruiting through summer and fall (except during hot spells).

Adaptable to and grown in many regions of the world, garden strawberries like ample sun and moderately fertile, moist, well-drained, acidic to neutral soil. Remove older "mother" plants in spring or after plants bloom, leaving offsets to replace them. Garden strawberries are good choices for culinary gardens, containers, or "strawberry towers." They are vulnerable to numerous pests and diseases, which should be monitored and controlled if necessary.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    4 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, H1, H2, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Fruit

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    6"-8" / 15.2cm - 20.3cm

  • Width

    1'-2' / 0.3m - 0.6m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Spring, Late Spring, Early Summer, Summer, Late Summer

  • Native To

    Hybrid Origin

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Mat-forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White

  • Fruit Color

    Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    Yes

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Edging, Edible, Fruit / Fruit Tree, Hanging Basket, Herb / Vegetable

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    No