James H. Schutte
FRAXINUS excelsior 'Aurea'
Plant Common Name
This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.
This stately, oval-headed, deciduous tree from Europe and Southwest Asia offers good shade in summer, and is also valued as a timber tree. Its glossy, dark green, pinnate leaves have 9 to 13 lance-shaped leaflets with lighter undersides and slightly fuzzy midribs. In autumn the foliage turns a weak yellow, but may simply drop off while still green in warmer regions. Inconspicuous flowers in spring give rise to winged seeds that mature from light green to pale brown. The black winter buds contrast with the tree’s smooth light brown twigs and gray-barked trunk.
Full sun will allow this tree to develop its best form, as will neutral to alkaline, fertile soil with good drainage. It is a fast-growing, handsome large shade tree for parks or large landscapes. Borers are a primary health concern, particularly the emerald ash borer.
Some of the better cultivars include the quick-growing and disease resistant 'Hessei', the yellow-leaved 'Jaspidea', and the weeping 'Pendula.’ The naturally occurring form diversifolia (one-leaf ash) has mostly simple leaves, rather than compound.
AHS Heat Zone
8 - 3
USDA Hardiness Zone
5 - 8
Full Sun, Partial Sun
80'-100' / 24.4m - 30.5m
60'-80' / 18.3m - 24.4m
Europe, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, United Kingdom, Russia/Siberia, Turkey, Western Asia
Clay, Loam, Sand
Drought Tolerant, Average Water
Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter