Advanced Search Filters

Plant Type
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
Sunset Zone
Function
Sun Exposure
Soil Moisture
Water Requirement

FRAXINUS excelsior 'Aurea'

Image of Fraxinus excelsior 'Aurea'

James H. Schutte

Family

Oleaceae

Botanical Name

FRAXINUS excelsior 'Aurea'

Plant Common Name

European Ash

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

This stately, oval-headed, deciduous tree from Europe and Southwest Asia offers good shade in summer, and is also valued as a timber tree. Its glossy, dark green, pinnate leaves have 9 to 13 lance-shaped leaflets with lighter undersides and slightly fuzzy midribs. In autumn the foliage turns a weak yellow, but may simply drop off while still green in warmer regions. Inconspicuous flowers in spring give rise to winged seeds that mature from light green to pale brown. The black winter buds contrast with the tree’s smooth light brown twigs and gray-barked trunk.

Full sun will allow this tree to develop its best form, as will neutral to alkaline, fertile soil with good drainage. It is a fast-growing, handsome large shade tree for parks or large landscapes. Borers are a primary health concern, particularly the emerald ash borer.

Some of the better cultivars include the quick-growing and disease resistant 'Hessei', the yellow-leaved 'Jaspidea', and the weeping 'Pendula.’ The naturally occurring form diversifolia (one-leaf ash) has mostly simple leaves, rather than compound.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 3

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 8

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    80'-100' / 24.4m - 30.5m

  • Width

    60'-80' / 18.3m - 24.4m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring

  • Native To

    Europe, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, United Kingdom, Russia/Siberia, Turkey, Western Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Pollution, Drought

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Green, Purple, Light Green

  • Fruit Color

    Light Green, Tan

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Yellow, Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Sandy Brown, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Shade Trees, Street Trees

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes