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FRAXINUS excelsior 'Pendula'

Image of Fraxinus excelsior 'Pendula'

Jesse Saylor

Family

Oleaceae

Botanical Name

FRAXINUS excelsior 'Pendula'

Plant Common Name

European Ash

General Description

An antique (pre-1725), weeping form of a stately deciduous tree from Europe and Southwest Asia, 'Pendula' rapidly forms a broad hummock of cascading branches. It lacks a "leader" and is typically grafted on upright understock. Its glossy, dark green, pinnate leaves have 9 to 13 lance-shaped leaflets with lighter undersides and slightly fuzzy midribs. In autumn the foliage turns a weak yellow, but may simply drop off while still green in warmer regions. Inconspicuous flowers in spring give rise to winged seeds that mature from light green to pale brown. The black winter buds contrast with the tree’s smooth light brown twigs and gray-barked trunk.

Full sun will allow this tree to develop its best form, as will neutral to alkaline, fertile soil with good drainage. It is a striking specimen for parks or large landscapes. Borers are a primary health concern, particularly the emerald ash borer.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 3

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 8

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    10'-25' / 3.0m - 7.6m

  • Width

    20'-50' / 6.1m - 15.2m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring

  • Native To

    Europe, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, United Kingdom, Russia/Siberia, Turkey, Western Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Pollution, Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Spreading

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Purple, Light Green

  • Fruit Color

    Light Green, Tan

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Yellow, Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Feature Plant

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes