Advanced Search Filters

Plant Type
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
Sunset Zone
Function
Sun Exposure
Soil Moisture
Water Requirement

FRAXINUS texensis

Image of Fraxinus texensis

Family

Oleaceae

Botanical Name

FRAXINUS texensis

Plant Common Name

Texas Ash

General Description

The classic North American shade tree, white ash, is a large beautiful tree with a broad canopy, upright sturdy trunk and pretty foliage. It is a hard-wooded but fast growing species that exists in upland forests from Texas to the farthest northeastern reaches of Canada. It is valuable for lumber which is used to make furniture, baseball bats and flooring.

This upright tree develops an evenly-branched oval or rounded crown. The leaves are compound and have five to nine deep green oval leaflets. In the fall the foliage turns yellow, bronze or shades of purple. Ashes flower early in the season, but their blooms are inconspicuous and dioecious, which means that separate trees have either male or female flowers. Only the female trees set fruit. Fortunately, seedless sterile or male cultivars, like ‘Rose Hill’ are available.

White ash is adaptable to most soils and develops its greatest beauty in open sunny areas. It has few problems save its susceptibility to Emerald Ash Borer, which can devastate trees if given the chance. This is a big shade tree for large yards, parks and natural areas.

The foliage of the white ash is an important food source for several butterfly caterpillars.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 4

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    60'-80' / 18.3m - 24.4m

  • Width

    30'-40' / 9.1m - 12.2m

  • Bloom Time

    Late Winter

  • Native To

    Mexico, Central America

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Pollution, Drought, Soil Compaction

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Fruit Color

    Tan

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Dark Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Shade Trees, Street Trees

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds, Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes