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FUCHSIA

Image of Fuchsia

James H. Schutte

Family

Onagraceae

Botanical Name

FUCHSIA

Plant Common Name

Fuchsia

General Description

Tropical and diverse, the genus Fuchsia contains well over 100 species. Most are woody evergreen shrubs or trees and tropical in origin, though many cultivated varieties are grown in temperate zones as herbaceous tender perennials. Fuchsia species can be found in Mexico, South and Central America and a few Pacific islands.

There are literally hundreds of Fuchsia cultivars. All are grown for their brilliant, tubular, pendulous flowers that come in vivid shades of red, magenta, royal purple, white, salmon and pink. Flowers may be single, semi-double or double.

If grown in tropical regions, Fuchsia trees or shrubs have dense, upright habits and oval to lance-shaped leaves of bright to dark green. Their branches are often arching. In temperate zones, they are favored ornamentals for containers or hanging baskets.

Most fuchsias grow best in partial sun and rich, evenly moist garden loam. They are susceptible to a number of common insect pests to include white flies, thrips and spider mites. Hardiness is species dependent.

Characteristics

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Bloom Time

    Indeterminate

  • Native To

    Mexico, Central America, South America, Polynesia, New Zealand

Growing Conditions

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green, Burgundy

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green, Burgundy

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Dark Green, Burgundy

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Dark Green, Burgundy

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Bedding Plant, Container, Feature Plant, Foundation, Hanging Basket, Hedges, Mixed Border, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Hummingbirds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes