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GAULTHERIA procumbens (WINTER PEARLS™)

Image of Gaultheria procumbens 'Big Berry' (WINTER PEARLS™)

Syngenta

Family

Ericaceae

Botanical Name

GAULTHERIA procumbens 'Big Berry'(WINTER PEARLS™)

Plant Common Name

Eastern Teaberry, Spreading Wintergreen

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

A close relative to blueberries and cranberries, spreading wintergreen is very hardy little evergreen, semi-woody groundcover adapted to the organic, acid soils of the forest floors of eastern North America. It is the source of the favorite chewing gum flavor, wintergreen, and its leaves offer the same cool taste if chewed.

This is a very low-growing plant that slowly creeps by rhizomes to form neat, non-aggressive mats of dark green, leathery, oval-shaped foliage. In winter, the leaves turn burnished shades of bronze and green. The flowers are small, urn-shaped, translucent and white or palest pink. They appear in summer and are followed by scarlet berries. The edible fruits have a mealy texture and taste of wintergreen. They are quite attractive and will remain on the plants through winter if left undisturbed or not eaten by wildlife.

This is a shade-loving plant that will tolerate some sun in climates where summers are cool. It requires organic-rich, acid soil with good moisture and drainage. It looks good in shaded woodland gardens, trough plantings or rock gardens.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17

  • Plant Type

    Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Sun, Partial Shade, Full Shade

  • Height

    4"-6" / 10.2cm - 15.2cm

  • Width

    3'-4' / 0.9m - 1.2m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Summer, Summer, Late Summer

  • Native To

    Northeastern United States, Mid-Atlantic United States, Southeastern United States, North-Central United States, Central United States, Canada

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Mat-forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    White, Light Pink

  • Fruit Color

    Crimson

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Dark Green, Bronze

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green, Dark Green, Bronze

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    Yes

  • Fragrant Foliage

    Yes

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    Yes

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Edible, Groundcover, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No