Advanced Search Filters

Plant Type
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
Sunset Zone
Function
Sun Exposure
Soil Moisture
Water Requirement

GERANIUM maculatum

Image of Geranium maculatum

Russell Stafford

Family

Geraniaceae

Botanical Name

GERANIUM maculatum

Plant Common Name

Spotted Cranesbill

General Description

Dainty light to deep pink blossoms cover spotted cranesbill from spring to early summer. This eastern North American perennial grows from rhizomes (underground rooting stems)and will colonize an area, although not aggressively. In the wild, plants exist in moist soils and dappled meadows, open woodlands and wooded edges. In southern areas with mild winters it may remain semi-evergreen through the cold season.

The dappled light to medium green leaves of spotted cranesbill are rounded with five to seven deeply incised lobes and have a ferny appearance. Plants form attractive upright clumps. In early spring to summer, variable pink blossoms appear above the leaves. The centers of the five-petaled flowers are usually white. Dry, brown fruits shaped like bird's beaks follow pollination by bees and other insects. When the seeds fall to the ground they readily germinate.

Grow spotted geranium in locations with partial shade and evenly moist fertile soil with average drainage and a slightly acid to neutral pH. This species will tolerate heat and drier soils but performs better if watered regularly during dry periods. Cut plants back after the first spring flowering to renew fresh foliage and encourage reblooming in early fall. Grow this pretty perennial wildflower in informal woodland gardens and shady mixed borders. Plants will self-sow with proficiency. This can be managed by cutting developing fruits back before they mature and release seed.

There are several garden grown selections with particularly desirable features. The dark foliage and pink flowers of 'Elizabeth Ann' are stunning and the white flowers of 'Helen Gallagher' will brighten any shaded garden. The natural form albiflorum also offers white flowers but is not a vigorous grower.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    20"-30" / 50.8cm - 76.2cm

  • Width

    20"-24" / 50.8cm - 61.0cm

  • Native To

    North America, United States, Northeastern United States, Mid-Atlantic United States, Southeastern United States, North-Central United States, Central United States, Canada

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Light Pink, Hot Pink, Lavender

  • Flower Color Modifier

    Bicolor

  • Fruit Color

    Tan, Sandy Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Light Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Pink, Copper

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Gray Green, Copper

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Evergreen

    Semi-Evergreen

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Mixed Border, Wildflower

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds, Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes