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GEUM chiloense

Image of Geum chiloense

Family

Rosaceae

Botanical Name

GEUM chiloense

Plant Common Name

Chilean Avens

General Description

Though rarely grown in its wild form, Chilean avens is a pretty clump-forming perennial with delicate red to orange-red flowers. This Chilean native is quite hardy and will add an airy, informal look to the summer garden.

Low mounds of fuzzy scalloped leaves ground this plant all year around. These are quite attractive and evergreen in all but the coldest of winters. The red to orange-red flowers are single, rounded, upward facing and have a flourish of yellow anthers at their centers. The blooms rise from tall, well-branched, wiry stems. They first appear in late spring and may bloom sporadically into late summer if well cared for and deadheaded. The flowers are followed by attractive fluffy seed heads that are spread by wind.

Chilean avens grows best in full sun or partial sun with some afternoon shade, especially where summers are hot. It manages well in average garden loam with ample drainage. Plants can be short-lived if subjected to cold, wet soil conditions in winter. Healthy clumps should be divided every three to four years. Popular and easy to grow, this fine perennial is grown for its lovely blooms, so it is a great candidate for cottage gardens or any informal perennials border. Its flowers also compliment garden fresh flower arrangements.

This species is parent to many popular Geum cultivars to include the semi-double, scarlet-flowered 'Mrs. J Bradshaw' and yellow-flowered 'Lady Stratheden.'

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 5

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    16"-24" / 40.6cm - 61.0cm

  • Width

    20"-24" / 50.8cm - 61.0cm

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring, Early Summer, Summer

  • Native To

    Chile

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green, Gray Green, Dark Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Evergreen

    Semi-Evergreen

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Cutflower, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall, Wildflower

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes