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GINKGO biloba 'Jade Butterflies'

Image of Ginkgo biloba 'Jade Butterflies'

James H. Schutte

Family

Ginkgoaceae

Botanical Name

GINKGO biloba 'Jade Butterflies'

Plant Common Name

Ginkgo

General Description

This fruitless, dwarf maidenhair tree is distinguished by its deep blue-green leaves and neat vase-shaped crown. Its fan-shaped leaves turn yellow in fall and in winter its stark, deeply furrowed, grayish tan bark and knobby branches add additional landscape interest.

Ginkgo is a tall, hardy tree native to eastern China. The story of this living fossil is a fascinating one. It is the last surviving species in Ginkgoaceae, a plant family that has existed for 150 million years, according to the fossil record. For thousands of years, Chinese and Japanese monks cultivated ginkgo as sacred trees for food and medicine, but populations were believed to be extinct in the wild for hundreds of years. In the mid-twentieth century, wild populations were reportedly discovered on Tianmu Mountain in the Zhejiang Province, among other remote forest regions. These claims are still under scrutiny because many botanists believe the “wild trees” have actually escaped from cultivation.

The distinctive fan-shaped leaves of ‘Jade Butterflies’ are borne in small clusters of three to five on short, knobby spurs along the branches. The leaf blades are blue-green to yellow-green and have minute, parallel veins and a central dividing lobe, hence the botanical species name, biloba. In autumn, they turn warm shades of yellow and gold but will be shed quickly in a freeze. This tree is dioecious, which means that male and female flowers appear on separate plants. The fleshy, orange-tan or pale yellowish fruits produced by female trees have a very foul odor, despite the fact that the nuts within are edible and expensive to buy in Asian markets. For this reason, many landscapers seek male cultivars, like ‘Jade Butterflies.’

Ginkgo is best grown in full to partial sun. It will thrive in most well-drained soils and is it is relatively pH adaptable but grows best in acid to neutral soil that’s evenly moist and fertile. A tough tree for difficult situations, ginkgo is tolerant of air pollution, soil compaction and salt, so it is often planted as a city tree and in highly trafficked public areas. Strive to choose only male clones like this one if you want to avoid the messy, malodorous fruits they drop on sidewalks, driveways and lawns. This is a perfect compact tree for small landscapes. It is even suitable for foundation plantings.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 3

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    4 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    8'-12' / 2.4m - 3.7m

  • Width

    6'-8' / 1.8m - 2.4m

  • Bloom Time

    Spring

  • Native To

    China

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Pollution, Drought, Salt, Soil Compaction

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Pyramidal

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Yellow Green

  • Fruit Color

    Orange, Light Yellow, Tan

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Blue Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Blue Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Yellow, Gold

  • Bark Color

    Tan, Slate Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Fissured

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Foundation, Mixed Border, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No