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GLADIOLUS 'Charm'

Image of Gladiolus 'Charm'

Ednie Flower Bulb, Inc.

Family

Iridaceae

Botanical Name

GLADIOLUS 'Charm'

Plant Common Name

Charm Gladiola, Gladiola, Sword Lily

General Description

Charming indeed, this heirloom hybrid bears bright magenta-rose flowers with pale greenish-yellow throats. It has given its name to a whole group of hybrids including 'Comet' and 'Robinetta.' Less familiar than the large-flowered Grandiflora glads, Charm hybrids are relatively small, cold-hardy, early-blooming cultivars that trace their ancestry to several of the more than 250 Gladiolus species. All gladiolus are herbaceous perennials that grow from bulbous corms covered with fibrous papery skin. Many are native to Africa, particularly South Africa, but other species are from Asia, the Mediterranean and the Arabian Peninsula.

The sword-shaped leaves are equitant, which means they overlap and unfold like a fan. The dainty blooms are held in open spikes on thigh-high stems. The funnel-shaped, six-lobed flowers open from the bottom of the spike up, with several opening simultaneously.

Plant this somewhat cold-tender perennial in full sun and well-drained fertile soil. In contrast to Grandiflora hybrids, it blends well with other perennials in borders and cottage gardens. If corms are planted at intervals, successions of blooms grace the garden. Cut or remove the flower stalk just below the first leaf so the remaining foliage can replenish the corm for next season’s blooms. Often grown as seasonal bulbs, Charm hybrids will overwinter in many climes, eventually forming clumps that produce flower spikes in late spring and summer. Where not hardy, plant corms after the soil warms; corms will bloom in 2 to 3 months. Glad corms can be lifted in fall and stored in a cool dry location indoors.

Characteristics

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    7 - 10

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Bulb or Corm or Tuber

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    28"-32" / 71.1cm - 81.3cm

  • Width

    6"-18" / 15.2cm - 45.7cm

  • Native To

    Hybrid Origin

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Light Yellow, Magenta, Rose

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Cutflower, Mixed Border

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Hummingbirds

  • Self-Sowing

    No