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GLECHOMA hederacea

Image of Glechoma hederacea

James H. Schutte

Family

Lamiaceae

Botanical Name

GLECHOMA hederacea

Plant Common Name

Ground Ivy

General Description

Known to many gardeners as a pestiferous weed (and going by numerous common names including gill-over-the-ground, creeping Charlie, ground ivy, and Robin runaway), this rampant, mat-forming herbaceous perennial is native to Europe and naturalized in North America. The trailing stems root at the nodes to form carpets of round, scalloped, pungent leaves. It also spreads by seed. Small, purple-blue, snapdragon-like flowers appear through much of the growing season. Available cultivars include 'Variegata', with cream-splotched leaves, and pink-flowered 'Rosea'.

This vigorous, hardy, shade-tolerant plant succeeds in most sites, and gallops in moist, humus-rich soil. Use it as a ground cover in difficult sites. Its cultivars are sometimes used in containers or cottage gardens.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade, Full Shade

  • Height

    2"-4" / 5.1cm - 10.2cm

  • Width

    12"-30" / 30.5cm - 76.2cm

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Summer, Fall

  • Native To

    Europe

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Very Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Prostrate/Trailing

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Blue, Purple, Pink

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    Yes

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    Yes

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Groundcover, Hanging Basket, Wildflower

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes