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HAMAMELIS x intermedia 'Barmstedt Gold'

Image of Hamamelis x intermedia 'Barmstedt Gold'

Mark A. Miller

Family

Hamamelidaceae

Botanical Name

HAMAMELIS x intermedia 'Barmstedt Gold'

Plant Common Name

Barmstedt Gold Witchhazel, Showy Witchhazel

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

Experienced horticulturists attest that the Barmstedt Gold witchhazel is one of the very best cultivars extant. When in glorious bloom, the golden orange-yellow display is noticeable from a considerable distance! It also offers vigorous growth, a pleasant rounded vase-shaped habit and fine fall color. It was selected and raised by Heinrich Bruns from Westerstede, Germany and later named and introduced by J. Hachmann in 1975. Hachmann lived in Barmstedt, Germany.

This mid- to late winter blooming hybrid shrub is certainly among the most widely celebrated in the temperate world. In the waning days of winter its branches become dotted with fragrant, colorful, spidery flowers. The bushy shrub blends and amplifies the great ornamental characteristics of its two parents, Chinese witchhazel (Hamamelis mollis) and Japanese witchhazel (H. japonica).

Witchhazel has dull dark green leaves that are broadly oval with wavy edges and short tips. The new leaves are glossier on top and paler and slightly fuzzy beneath. In autumn those on 'Barmstedt Gold' turn shades of yellow. The bark is smooth and gray-brown, but the smaller twigs, from which the flowers arise, are lighter in color. The flowers are gold to orange-yellow. These have four long, thin and crinkly petals that are yellow-orange with reddish bases. They are moderately fragrant, both sweet and spicy, and may last for a month.

Plant witchhazel in full to partial sun and organic-rich, acid or neutral soil with even moisture and good drainage. Simply put: the more sun, the grander the flower show. Its growth is considerably slower in drier soils and hot locations.

This shrub is a wonderful specimen plant for open landscapes, foundations, mixed borders or public landscapes – from parks and campuses to commercial courtyard and entrance gardens. It looks especially lovely when low groundcovers and early spring bulbs blanket the soil under the branches.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 15, 16, 17

  • Plant Type

    Shrub

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    10'-11' / 3.0m - 3.4m

  • Width

    10'-11' / 3.0m - 3.4m

  • Bloom Time

    Winter, Late Winter

  • Native To

    Hybrid Origin

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Yellow, Orange, Gold

  • Flower Color Modifier

    Bicolor

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Yellow, Dark Red

  • Bark Color

    Sandy Brown, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Foundation, Mixed Border, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No