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HAWORTHIA attenuata

Image of Haworthia attenuata

Felder Rushing

Family

Liliaceae

Botanical Name

HAWORTHIA attenuata

Plant Common Name

Haworthia, Zebra Plant

General Description

The zebra plant produces rosettes of pointy green leaves with bumpy, raised white bands. It resembles an ocean anemone or sea urchin. This frost tender, succulent perennial is native to the southeastern cape of South Africa. It develops into a clump with numerous small rosettes connected by fleshy, fibrous roots.

The succulent, rigid, upright leaves are triangular in cross-section. Bumpy ridges (comprised of numerous tubercles) occur in bands on the outsides of the leaves in the rosette. Only random tiny white raised dots litter the inner leaf sides. Anytime from late spring to fall, large, mature rosettes in the clump produce long, whip-like flower stems. Tiny greenish white flowers occur on the stems high above the foliage.

Grow the zebra plant in sandy, fast-draining soil that is barely moist. A non-acid soil is ideal. Partial sun is best, particularly a site with brief morning sun followed by very bright, indirect light the rest of the day. Excessive sun exposure causes leaves to blush reddish orange and sometimes to scald and die. Wet soil quickly causes root and stem rot, especially during chilly winter months. Low ambient humidity is always needed. Where hardy, plant zebra plants as a shady rock garden groundcover accent or in patio containers. It also fares well as a houseplant if provided bright, filtered light, light water and sandy potting mix.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    10 - 15

  • Sunset Zone

    15, 16, 17, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Cactus or Succulent

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    5"-6" / 12.7cm - 15.2cm

  • Width

    5"-10" / 12.7cm - 25.4cm

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring, Early Summer, Summer, Late Summer, Early Fall

  • Native To

    Southern Africa, South Africa

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant

  • Habit

    Rosette/Stemless

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    White, Light Green

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    White, Green, Dark Green, Ivory

  • Foliage Color (Spring) Modifier

    Striped/Striated, Spotted/Mottled

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    White, Green, Dark Green, Ivory

  • Foliage Color (Summer) Modifier

    Striped/Striated, Spotted/Mottled

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    White, Green, Dark Green, Ivory

  • Foliage Color (Fall) Modifier

    Striped/Striated, Spotted/Mottled

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    White, Dark Green, Ivory

  • Foliage Color (Winter) Modifier

    Striped/Striated, SpottedMottled

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Houseplant, Rock Garden / Wall, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Hummingbirds

  • Self-Sowing

    No