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HEDERA canariensis

Image of Hedera canariensis

Jesse Saylor

Family

Araliaceae

Botanical Name

HEDERA canariensis

Plant Common Name

Algerian Ivy, Canary Ivy

General Description

The leaves of Canary ivy are larger and the vines more tender than common English ivy (Hedera helix). This popular southern vine and groundcover has leathery, heart-shaped leaves of dark green with wine-red stems, or petioles. As its common name indicates, it is native to the Canary Islands, Azores, Algeria and Portugal where it is well-adapted to both tropical and subtropical climates and withstands tough growing conditions.

This fast-growing vine twines and clings to walls and trees via root-like structures that appear along the stems. Algerian ivy is grown primarily for its foliage, which makes a dense cover on walls or the ground. The flowers are insignificant as are the fruits, though like common English ivy the black, waxy fruits are eaten and dispersed by birds.

For best results, plant Canary ivy in full sun or partial shade and fertile soil that is well drained. Provide it with protection from winter sun and wind, especially where marginally hardy. This ivy is quick to establish and faster growing than English ivy. It can become quite invasive if it appears where it is not welcome. In fact, it has become naturalized in several counties in California.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 6

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    7 - 11

  • Sunset Zone

    5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Vine/Liana

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade, Full Shade

  • Height

    20'-30' / 6.1m - 9.1m

  • Width

    20'-30' / 6.1m - 9.1m

  • Bloom Time

    Late Summer, Early Fall

  • Native To

    Canary Islands, Northern Africa

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Salt

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Vining/Climbing

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Green

  • Fruit Color

    Black

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Burgundy, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Container, Foundation, Groundcover, Hanging Basket, Houseplant, Rock Garden / Wall, Vine

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    Sometimes

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes