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HELENIUM amarum 'Dakota Gold'

Image of Helenium amarum 'Dakota Gold'

Mark A. Miller

Family

Asteraceae

Botanical Name

HELENIUM amarum 'Dakota Gold'

Plant Common Name

Bitter Sneezeweed, Dakota Gold Bitter Sneezeweed

General Description

The pretty ‘Dakota Gold’ is a tidy yellow-flowered perennial that’s easy to grow and carefree. It has fine, needle-like leaves and bright yellow daisies. This cultivar has a more compact, spreading habit than wild forms, so it is ideal for edging and containers.

The green to maroon stems of bitter sneezeweed are lined in long, thin, bright green leaves. From midsummer to frost, they become covered with bright yellow daisies. Each has a large, bulbous center of yellow or brown surrounded by a ring of three-lobed petals. The flowers attract both bees and butterflies and are followed by dark brown seedheads that provide seed to hungry songbirds.

Grow bitter sneezeweed in full sun and gritty, well-drained soil with average fertility. It is tolerant of summertime heat as well as drought and humidity, so it is quite carefree once established. It has a tendency to gently self sow, so in time you will have extra plants to share with friends. This neat, mounded selection is ideal for pretty flower gardens and containers but is also great for butterfly gardens and naturalistic plantings.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 6

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    6 - 10

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    12"-14" / 30.5cm - 35.6cm

  • Width

    24"-28" / 61.0cm - 71.1cm

  • Bloom Time

    Summer, Late Summer, Early Fall, Fall

  • Native To

    North America, United States, Mid-Atlantic United States, Southeastern United States, Central United States, South-Central United States

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Cushion/Mound-forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Yellow, Lemon Yellow

  • Fruit Color

    Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Light Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Edging, Hanging Basket, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall, Wildflower

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes