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HEMEROCALLIS 'Black Pearl'

Image of Hemerocallis 'Black Pearl'

Mark A. Miller

Family

Liliaceae

Botanical Name

HEMEROCALLIS 'Black Pearl'

Plant Common Name

Black Pearl Daylily, Daylily

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

While not truly black, the flowers of 'Black Pearl' do flirt with blackish maroon hues. The daylily is a popular perennial revered for its reliability, ease of growth and floral beauty. The hybrid diploid ‘Black Pearl’ produces rather small flowers atop a tall stem called a scape in very early summer. The six petal-like tepals are tongue-shaped and a powdery maroon with smears of very dark red (black). The inner throat is yellow and green. These fragrant flowers open during the day and rise from tall clumps of strappy green leaves that die once fall frosts return. Each blossom in the bud cluster lasts no more than 24 hours before shriveling up. The short-growing 'Black Pearl' was bred by F.H. Knower and introduced in 1963.

Daylilies are clump-forming and spread slowly via rhizomes. The blooms are commonly held in branched clusters on long leafless stems that stand above the foliage. All daylilies are easy to grow if provided full to partial sun and average soil with good drainage. Deciduous daylilies are the hardiest and survive in the coldest reaches of their range; however they may struggle in areas with mild winters. Evergreen types grow well in all but the most tropical regions but require protection where winters are harsh and cold. Their clumps spread over time and may need to be divided every three to four years. After plants bloom, it is wise to shear back their foliage to allow for a fresh flush of growth.

Enjoy this tried-and-true herbaceous ornamental in mixed beds and borders, containers and large mass plantings.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    10 - 2

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    10"-16" / 25.4cm - 40.6cm

  • Width

    10"-15" / 25.4cm - 38.1cm

  • Bloom Time

    Early Summer

  • Native To

    Hybrid Origin

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Pollution, Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Summer

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Yellow Green, Dark Red, Black

  • Flower Color Modifier

    Bicolor

  • Fruit Color

    Green, Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Light Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Edging, Foundation, Mixed Border

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Hummingbirds

  • Self-Sowing

    No