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HIBISCUS rosa-sinensis 'Brilliant'

Image of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis 'Brilliant'

Yoder Brothers

Family

Malvaceae

Botanical Name

HIBISCUS rosa-sinensis 'Brilliant'

Plant Common Name

Brilliant Tropical Hibiscus, Queen-of-the-tropics., Tropical Hibiscus

General Description

The tropical hibiscus 'Brilliant' has bold, cardinal red colored blossoms. The mildly, small-ruffled petals are most intense red at their bases and in their veins; the petals can be a muted lighter red, especially as they age. Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is an evergreen shrub that originates from China, and 'Brilliant' is a hybrid derived from two unknown cultivated varieties around 1900. This tropical hibiscus is vigorous and blooms well over an extended period of time.

The broad glossy leaves of 'Brilliant' are medium green and oval-shaped. Its flowers are medium to large sized, radial and broad, sometimes curving the petals gracefully backward. In the cardinal red center of each is a long red floral tube lined with a bottlebrush of yellow anthers and orange-red stigmas, adding robust floral contrast.

Tropical hibiscus is heat tolerant, excelling in full to partial sun and acidic to neutral, fertile soil with good drainage. Very poor and alkaline soils lead to nutrient deficiencies. Remove spent flowers' developing green seed capsules to promote continual production of new blossoms. Tropical hibiscus is a garden staple in both tropical and temperate landscapes. This vibrant, large growing cultivar can be grown in sunny mixed borders, in spacious foundation beds or in large containers that can be moved indoors to overwinter if needed. The short floral stem petioles can be cut and placed in water to enjoy the open flower for one day.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    10 - 15

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Shrub

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    5'-6' / 1.5m - 1.8m

  • Width

    3'-4' / 0.9m - 1.2m

  • Bloom Time

    Indeterminate

  • Native To

    Hybrid Origin, China

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Red, Dark Red

  • Fruit Color

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Sandy Brown, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Container, Feature Plant, Foundation, Houseplant, Mixed Border, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    No