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ILEX vomitoria 'Stoke's Dwarf'

Image of Ilex vomitoria 'Stoke's Dwarf'

Jesse Saylor

Family

Aquifoliaceae

Botanical Name

ILEX vomitoria 'Stoke's Dwarf'

Plant Common Name

Stoke's Dwarf Yaupon, Yaupon

General Description

Yaupon is a versatile broadleaf evergreen shrub or small tree from the southeastern United States. The cultivar 'Stokes Dwarf' is valued for its dwarf dense mounded habit. A male selection, it bears inconspicuous white spring flowers and no fruit. The small, shiny, oval, weakly toothed leaves are olive green. The smooth, pale gray bark is attractive.

Perhaps the most adaptable evergreen holly for mild-winter climates, yaupon does well in sun or shade, clay or sand, and acid or alkaline soil, and tolerates salt spray and shearing. Use it in place of similar but less adaptable hollies such as Ilex crenata. This handsome compact shrub works wonderfully in foundation plantings, mixed borders, and containers. This shrub also makes an excellent bonsai, topiary, or espalier subject. Birds and other wildlife browse the fruits, especially in late winter when food is scarce.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 7

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    7 - 11

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Broadleaf Evergreen

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade, Full Shade

  • Height

    2'-4' / 0.6m - 1.2m

  • Width

    3'-5' / 0.9m - 1.5m

  • Bloom Time

    Spring

  • Native To

    Southeastern United States

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Cushion/Mound-forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    White

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Olive

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Olive

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Olive, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Olive, Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Container, Feature Plant, Foundation, Groundcover, Hedges, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall, Screening / Wind Break, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No