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ILEX vomitoria 'Straughn's'

Image of Ilex vomitoria 'Straughn's'

Family

Aquifoliaceae

Botanical Name

ILEX vomitoria 'Straughn's'

Plant Common Name

Straughn's Yaupon, Yaupon

General Description

Valued for its dwarf habit and showy fruits, ‘Straughn's' is a cultivar of yaupon (Ilex vomitoria), a small evergreen tree from the Southeast United States. Forming a somewhat open, irregularly branched, shoulder-high shrub, this female selection has small, shiny, rich green leaves with finely toothed edges. Older shrubs often become open at the center. From fall through much of winter, bright red transluscent berries adorn the silver-gray branches. A male companion is required for pollination and fruiting. The berries are preceded by inconspicuous fragrant white flowers in spring.

Perhaps the most adaptable evergreen holly for mild-winter climates, yaupon does well in sun or shade, clay or sand, and acid or alkaline soil. It tolerates salt spray and shearing and even a little drought. Use it in place of similar but less adaptable evergreens such as boxwood and Japanese holly (Ilex crenata). This shrub works well in borders, foundation plantings, and containers. Birds and other wildlife browse the fruits, especially in late winter when food is scarce.

The name "vomitoria" is derived from the fact that the leaves of this plant will induce vomiting if consumed.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    7 - 11

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Broadleaf Evergreen

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    4'-6' / 1.2m - 1.8m

  • Width

    4'-6' / 1.2m - 1.8m

  • Bloom Time

    Spring

  • Native To

    Southeastern United States

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Pollution, Drought, Salt

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    White

  • Fruit Color

    Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green

  • Bark Color

    Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    Yes

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Container, Feature Plant, Foundation, Groundcover, Hedges, Mixed Border, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    No