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IXORA coccinea

Image of Ixora coccinea

James H. Schutte

Family

Rubiaceae

Botanical Name

IXORA coccinea

Plant Common Name

Jungleflame, Scarlet Jungleflame

General Description

Native to India and Sri Lanka, jungleflame is an evergreen tropical shrub. Under ideal conditions it will bloom continuously, attracting butterflies, with clusters of tubular flowers in red, yellow, orange, pink or white. Its shiny dark green leaves have a bronze tint when young.

Jungleflame looks its best when grown in fertile, acidic, well-drained soil. It is a pretty and dependable plant for use in the foundation planting, mixed border or patio container. Near concrete, the higher pH in the soil will lead to nutrient deficiencies and the unattractive yellowing of leaves. Outside of its hardiness zone it can only overwinter in a sunny greenhouse. Some cultivars are fragrant and others grow in a more compact form.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 10

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    10 - 15

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 24

  • Plant Type

    Shrub

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    7'-9' / 2.1m - 2.7m

  • Width

    5'-6' / 1.5m - 1.8m

  • Bloom Time

    Indeterminate

  • Native To

    India

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Pollution, Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Red, Orange, Lemon Yellow, Pink, Orange Red

  • Fruit Color

    Purple

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Sienna

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Container, Feature Plant, Foundation, Hedges, Mixed Border, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Hummingbirds, Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    No