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JASMINUM multiflorum

Image of Jasminum multiflorum

Carol Cloud Bailey

Family

Oleaceae

Botanical Name

JASMINUM multiflorum

Plant Common Name

Downy Jasmine

General Description

Though not as fragrant as other jasmines, the large white blooms of downy jasmine still offer a sweet and spicy aroma. This versatile tropical evergreen is a vigorous scrambling vine that can easily be trained into a shrub. It is native to India but has been widely cultivated elsewhere and become naturalized in subtropical regions across the globe, including southern China and the American South.

Soft, downy hairs cover the deep green, oval leaves of this tough evergreen, giving them a grayish cast. Blooming can occur throughout much of the year, as long as growing conditions are favorable, though in its native range, flowering is heaviest from fall to spring. The clusters of starry, tubular, white flowers have a mild, sweet jasmine fragrance. They are pollinated by moths, and the fruits that follow are inconspicuous.

This fast-growing, adaptable shrub grows well in full sun or partial shade and thrives in most soils as long as they are well-drained and moderately fertile. It requires regular pruning if a neat, manicured habit is desired. Otherwise, it will sprawl. Downy jasmine is excellent for foundation plantings and mixed borders. To enjoy its sweet fragrance, be sure to plant it close to outdoor living areas or along a foundation below a window. As a vine, it can be trained along sturdy fences, trellises or pergolas or allowed to cascade down slopes or retaining walls.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 9

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    9 - 11

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Shrub

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    5'-10' / 1.5m - 3.0m

  • Width

    5'-8' / 1.5m - 2.4m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Spring, Fall, Early Winter, Winter, Late Winter, Indeterminate

  • Native To

    India

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Vining/Climbing

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Gray Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Gray Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Gray Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Gray Green, Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Tan

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Foundation, Hedges, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier, Vine

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    Sometimes

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes