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JASMINUM sambac

Image of Jasminum sambac

Forest & Kim Starr

Family

Oleaceae

Botanical Name

JASMINUM sambac

Plant Common Name

Arabian Jasmine

General Description

Arabian jasmine has been cultivated since ancient times for its intensely fragrant, white flowers. Widespread in distribution, the species is thought to have originated in southern Asia and was probably brought by traders to the Middle East and other areas. Its blossoms are used in China to make jasmine tea, for fragrant leis in Hawaii and the Philippines, and in the manufacture of perfume. It is the national flower of both Indonesia and the Philippines.

The stems of this shrubby, evergreen, twining vine are clad in glossy, dark green, pointed, oval leaves which are grouped in opposite pairs or whorls of three. Loose clusters of starry, white, tubular flowers bloom generously in summer, and may continue sporadically throughout the year.

Hardy in tropical, frost-free climates, this jasmine prefers full to part sun and moist, fertile, well-drained soil. It is also somewhat tolerant of dry conditions. The plant may be gently pruned to form a shrub, or trained to climb a wall, fence or other supportive structure. It is also suitable for use in containers. Be sure to grow Arabian jasmine near outdoor living spaces where its intoxicating fragrance can be fully enjoyed.

In some tropical and subtropical regions, including Florida, Arabian jasmine is an invasive species and may be prohibited for use in modern garden designs.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 9

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    10 - 15

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Vine/Liana

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    6'-10' / 1.8m - 3.0m

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Late Spring, Early Summer, Summer, Late Summer, Early Fall, Fall

  • Native To

    Southern Asia, Polynesia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought, Salt

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Vining/Climbing

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Tan

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Tropical, Vine

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    Sometimes

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes