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JUNIPERUS chinensis 'Spartan'

Image of Juniperus chinensis 'Spartan'

James H. Schutte

Family

Cupressaceae

Botanical Name

JUNIPERUS chinensis 'Spartan'

Plant Common Name

Chinese Juniper, Spartan Juniper

General Description

Chinese juniper is a variable evergreen tree or shrub native to China and Japan. Its cultivar 'Spartan' is a tall, densely branched, fast growing, columnar shrub or small tree with rich dark green scale-like foliage. Small, blue, berry-like fruit appears in late summer on mature plants. The handsome foliage and upright habit make this a nice substitute for Italian cypress in cold zones. 'Spartan' prefers full sun and well-drained soil, and is widely used for screening, windbreaks, hedging, or as a specimen plant.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Needled or Scaled Evergreen

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    15'-20' / 4.6m - 6.1m (15)

  • Width

    4'-7' / 1.2m - 2.1m (3)

  • Native To

    Hybrid Origin

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought, Salt

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Habit

    Pyramidal

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    None

  • Fruit Color

    Blue, Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Blue Green, Gray Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Blue Green, Gray Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Blue Green, Gray Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green, Blue Green, Gray Green

  • Bark Color

    Brown, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    Yes

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Exfoliating

  • Usage

    Container, Hedges, Mixed Border, Screening / Wind Break, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    Yes

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No