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JUNIPERUS virginiana (EMERALD SENTINEL™)

Image of Juniperus virginiana 'Corcorcor' (EMERALD SENTINEL™) PP5041

Mark A. Miller

Family

Cupressaceae

Botanical Name

JUNIPERUS virginiana 'Corcorcor'(EMERALD SENTINEL™) PP5041

Plant Common Name

Eastern Red Cedar, Emerald Sentinel™ Eastern Red Cedar

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

The stark, evergreen towers of eastern red cedar are an enduring, widespread presence in the abandoned fields and open roadsides of eastern North America, from Nova Scotia down to northern Florida and across to Texas. Appearing in a variety of shapes and sizes, this fragrant, strong-wooded tree or shrub tends to grow in groups and either adopts a tall and narrow or broadly conical form. It grows slowly to moderately fast, depending on soil and climate, and may eventually become a sizable tree, potentially living for hundreds of years.

The aromatic, scale-like, evergreen foliage of eastern red cedar is dense, lush, and prickly to the touch and may develop bronze tones in the cold of winter. Mature specimens develop sturdy, fluted trunks with appealing, silvery brown bark which peels off in long, papery shreds. The fragrant, red-colored wood has long been prized for its beauty and resistance to decay. Female plants bear large quantities of small, blue, berry-like cones which are an important source of winter food for many bird species.

This hardy, adaptable evergreen requires full sun and well-drained soil of low to moderate fertility. It is highly tolerant of drought, heat, cold, and poor, rocky soils but cannot withstand soggy or wet locations. An excellent wildlife plant, eastern red cedar is beautiful whether planted as a specimen, screen or windbreak. Numerous cultivars exist, all of which make attractive, versatile, low-maintenance additions to the landscape.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 24

  • Plant Type

    Needled or Scaled Evergreen

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    50'-100' / 15.2m - 30.5m

  • Width

    15'-25' / 4.6m - 7.6m

  • Native To

    Northeastern United States, Mid-Atlantic United States, Southeastern United States, North-Central United States, Central United States, South-Central United States, Canada

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Pyramidal

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    None

  • Fruit Color

    Blue

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Dark Green, Bronze

  • Bark Color

    Brown, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    Yes

  • Fragrant Foliage

    Yes

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    Yes

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    Yes

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Exfoliating

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Foundation, Mixed Border, Screening / Wind Break, Shade Trees, Street Trees

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    Yes

  • Invasive

    Sometimes

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes