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LARIX sibirica

Image of Larix sibirica

James H. Schutte

Family

Pinaceae

Botanical Name

LARIX sibirica

Plant Common Name

Siberian Larch

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

A tall and narrow tree with somewhat upward-held branches, the Siberian larch has finely textured, soft needles that become yellow in autumn and drop before winter. From the mountains of Europe eastward into northern and central Asia, this cone-bearing tree is deciduous with a sienna brown bark that is scaly and lightly ridged. With age it attains a very narrow pyramidal shape.

In spring the thin yellow-gray branches fill with short, soft, light green needles that have two white bands on their undersides. Rather than spring flowers, this tree produces both male and female cones. Male cones are small, round and yellow, whereas the female cones are more cylindrical in shape and colored red, pink, yellow or green. The fertilized female cones develop into purple and then brown woody cones that are oval and decorate the yellow branches for an additional year, attracting birds.

Grow Siberian larch in full sun locations in any variety of deep soil that has good drainage. As it is deciduous, it is very tolerant of many conditions including very cold, windy or seasonally dry areas. Use it as a specimen tree in the landscape or in a grove cluster near a lake, pond or other conifers that will be a nice dark backdrop to its yellow fall foliage.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    5 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    1 - 5

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b

  • Plant Type

    Needled or Scaled Evergreen

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    30'-90' / 9.1m - 27.4m

  • Width

    10'-15' / 3.0m - 4.6m

  • Bloom Time

    Spring

  • Native To

    Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Russia/Siberia, Central Asia, Nepal, China

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought, Soil Compaction

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Red, Green, Light Pink

  • Fruit Color

    Purple, Tan, Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Light Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Light Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Yellow

  • Bark Color

    Brown, Sienna

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Fissured

  • Usage

    Feature Plant

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes